Death, Dying, Grief and Mourning

            "Death is always the same,
                               but each man dies in his own way."

Carson McCullers, Clock Without Hands, 1960

   

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in Western Literature

An Anthology by  Adrienne Nater

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King James, New Testament

Gospel According to Mathew 27:35 - 28:20, 50 AD

Death of Jesus

King James, New Testament

The Gospel According to John, 80-90 A.D
The Resurrection of Christ 20.1- 18.

Death of Jesus
 

King James, New Testament

Gospel According to Mark 15:24 – 16:20, 140 AD

Death of Jesus

King James, New Testament

Gospel According to Mathew, 50 AD
27:35 – 28:20 

Death of Jesus:

Jesus is Crucified
35 Then they crucified Him, and divided
His garments, casting lots, that it be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet:

They divided My garments among them,
And for my clothing they cast lots.”

36 Sitting down, they kept watch over Him
37 And they put up over His head the accusation written against Him:

THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS

38 Then two robbers were crucified with Him one on the right and another on the left.

39 And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads

40 and saying,  “You who destroyed the temple and built it in three days, save Yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”

41 Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said,

42 “He saved others; Himself He cannot save.  If he is the King of Israel, let Him come Down from the cross, and we will believe Him.

43 He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ”

44 Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing.


Jesus Dies

45 Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness all over the land.

46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama Sabachthani?” that is,  “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

47 Some of those who stood there, when they heard that, said, “This Man is calling for Elijah!”

48 Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink.

49 The rest said, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to save Him.”

50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit. 
 

Signs Accompanying Jesus’ Death

51 Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks split,

52 and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised;

53 and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went to the holy city and appeared to many.

54 So when the centurian and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!”

55 And many women who followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him, were looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.

 
Jesus is buried

57 Now when evening had come, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus.

58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given to him.

59 When Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,

60 and laid it in his new tomb which he had hewn out of rock; and he rolled a large stone against the door of the tomb, and departed.

61 And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting Opposite the tomb.

62 On the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered Together with Pilate,

63 saying, “Sir, we remember, While He was still alive, how that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise.’

64 Therefore command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night and steal Him away, and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead.’ So the last deception will be worse than the first.”

65 Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go your way, make it as secure as you know how.”

66 So they went and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone and setting the guard.

 
The Empty Tomb:

28   Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week Began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary Came to see the tomb.

2 And behold, there was a great Earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from Heaven, and came and rolled back the stone, from the door and sat on it.

3 His countenance was lightning, and his clothing as white as snow.

4 And the guard shook for fear of him, and became like dead men.

5 But the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.

6 He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord Lay.

7 And go quickly and tell His disciples that He is risen from the dead, and indeed He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him. Behold, I have told you.”

8 So they went out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to bring his disciples word.
 

The Appearance of Jesus to the Women  

9 And as they went to tell His disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, “Rejoice!” So they came and held Him by the feet and worshiped Him.

10 Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid. Go and tell My brethren to go to Galilee, and there they will see me.”

 
The Bribery of the Soldiers 

11 Now while they are going, behold, some of the guard came into the city and reported to the chief priests all the things that had happened.

12 When they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers,

13 saying, “Tell them, ‘His disciples came at night and stole Him away while we slept.’

14 and if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will appease him and make you secure.”

15 So they took the money and did as they were instructed; and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
 

The Appearance of Jesus to the Disciples 

16   Then the eleven disciples went away to Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed them.

17 When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted.
 
 

The Great Commission

18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen

 


 King James, New Testament

 The Gospel According to John, 80-90 A.D.

 The Resurrection of Christ 20.1- 18

 

20   Now the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2   Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.”

3      Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb. 

4 So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first. 5 And he, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen cloths lying there; yet he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came. Following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there, 7 and the handkerchief that had been around his head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself. 8 Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed. 9 For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. 10 Then the disciples went away again to their own houses.

 

Christ Appears to Mary Magdalene

 

11    But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb. 12 And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13 Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?”

12    She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

14     Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”

         She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

16      Jesus said to her, “Mary!”

          She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher).

17      Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’”

18       Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

 


King James, New Testament

Gospel According to Mark, 140 AD

15:24 – 16:20

Jesus is Crucified

24    And when they crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting lots for them to determine what every man should take.

25    Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him.

26    And the inscription of His accusation was written above:

                  THE KING OF THE JEWS.  

27    With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on his right the other on His left. 28 So the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with the transgressors.”    

29     And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! You who destroyed the temple and built it in three days,

30 save Yourself, and come down from the cross!”

31    Likewise the chief priests also, mocking among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save,

32    Let the Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe.”  Even those who were crucified with Him reviled Him.

33     Now when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.

34    And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “ My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”

35     Some of those who stood by, when they heard that, said, “Look he is calling for Elijah!”

36 Then someone ran and filled a sponge full of sour wine, put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to take Him down.”

37     And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last.

38     Then the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom.

39     So when the centurian, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!”

40    There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome,

41 who also followed Him and ministered to Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem.
 

Jesus Is Buried

42     Now when evening had come, because it was Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath,

43     Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the Kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and Asked for the body of Jesus.

44     Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time.

45     So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.

46     Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in the tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb.

47     And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid.

 
The Resurrection of Jesus

16     Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him.

2     Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen.

3     And they said among themselves, “Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?”

4     But when they looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away — for it was very large.

5     And entering the tomb, they saw a young man clothed in a long white robe sitting on the right side; and they were alarmed.

6      But he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him.

7     But go, tell His disciples — and Peter — that He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him, as He said to you.”

8     So they went out quickly and fled from the tomb, for they Trembled and were amazed. And they said nothing to anyone, For they were afraid.


The Appearances of Jesus

9      Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven demons.

10     She went and told those who had been with Him, as they mourned and wept.

11     And when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe.

12     After that, He appeared in another form to two of them as they walked and went into the country.

13     And they went and told it to the rest, but they did not believe them either.

14     Later He appeared to the eleven as they sat at the table; and He rebuked their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him after He had risen.

15     And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.

16     He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned.

17     And these signs will follow those who believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues;

18     they will take up serpents; and if they drink anything deadly, it will by no means hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.

 
The Ascension of Jesus

19     So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into Heaven, and sat down at the right had of God.

20     And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen.

 

   
 

Adrienne Nater, 2008

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