Death in Western Literature

Chronology & Authors

1.  Unknown, Gilgamesh Enkidu 3000 BCE
2.  King James, The Bible, Deuteronomy 32 & 34 Moses 1405
3.  King James, The Bible, Ecclesiastes 9 & 12 Humankind 931
4.  Unknown, Book of J. 177 & 178 Moses 900
5.  Homer, The Iliad Patroklos 720
The Trojan Wars (Translation, Pope, 1760) Sarpedon 680
The Trojan Wars (Translation, Fitzgerald, 1974) Sarpedon 680
6.  Aeschylus, Agamemnon Agamemnon 458
7.  Thucydides, Pericles, The Funeral Speech Greek Soldiers 431
8.  Sophocles,
Oedipus The King (Translation, Green) Jocasta 427
Oedipus, The King (Translation, Murray) Jocasta 427
9.  Euripides,
Alcestis (Translation Richard Aldington) Alcestis 430
Medea Her Children 428
The Trojan Women (Translation, Murray) Astyanax 417
10.  Plato, Phaedo Socrates 360
11.  Gaius, Velerius Catullus, # 101 Brother 57
12.  Ovid, Metamorphoses Pyramus & Thisbe 1   CE
13.  King James, New Testament
Gospel According to Mathew 27:35 – 28:20 Jesus 50
Gospel According to John 20: 1 – 18 Jesus 80-90
Gospel According to Mark 15:24 – 16:20 Jesus 140
14.  Hippolytus, The Story of a Maiden of Cornith Nobel Youth 240 Est.
15.  Gregory of Nyssa,  Life of Macrina Macrina 375 Est.
16.  Theodoret, Of the Massacre of Thessalonica Towns’ people 419 Est.
17.  John of Apamea, Ecclesiastical History (Fragments) Soldiers 448-449
18.  Jacob of Sarug, The Fall of the Idols  Martyr 500-521
19.  The Holy Qur’an Believers 610-632
20.  Plutarch, Moralia Daughter 611
21.  Bulfinch Mythology, Legends of Charlemagne Rinaldo 768
22.  Arabian Nights, Angel of Death The Proud, The Devout 850
23.  Roswitha, Dulcitus Irena 965
24.  The Battle of Maldon Brythnoth 991
25.  Beowulf Beowulf 1000
26.  Snirru Sturluson, Prose Edda, The Death of Balder Balder 1015
27.  Unknown, Chanson de Roland Roland 1090
28.  Omar Khayyam, Rubaiyat Omar Khayyam 1115
29.  Hildegard of Bingen, Scivias Martyrs 1141
30.  The Sagas of the Icelanders, Viga Glum’s Saga Thorvald Tafald 1200’s
31  J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and Iseult Tristan & Iseult 1209
32.  Dante Alighieri, La Vita Nuova Beatrice 1292
33.  Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron Salvestra & Girolamo 1348
34.  Geoffrey Chaucer, Knight’s Tales Arcite 1387
35.  Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur King Arthur 1469
36.  Christopher Marlowe, Dr. Faustus Faustus 1588
37.  Shakespeare
Richard II Richard 1597
Othello Othello & Desdemona 1601
Hamlet Ophelia 1603
Henry V Falstaff 1605
Anthony & Cleopatra Cleopatra 1605
King Lear Lear/Cordelia 1606
Macbeth Lady Macbeth 1606
38.  Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote Don Quixote 1615
39.  John Milton, Paradise Lost Redeemer 1674
40.  Johathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travel’s Burial Rites 1726
41.  Wolfgang Von Goethe, Sorrows of Young Werther Werther 1774
42.  Sir Walter Scott, The Bride of Lammermoor Lucy 1818
43.  Mary Shelley, The Last Man Son & Wife 1826
44.  James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans    Cora & Magua 1826
45.  Marie Henri Beyle (Stendhal), Red & Black  Julien Sorel  1830
46.  Victor Hugo, Hunchback of Notre Dame Priest & Esmerelda 1831
47.  Alexander Pushkin, Queen of Spades Countess & Ghost 1834
48.  Charles Dickens
Oliver Twist Nancy 1838
The Old Curiosity Shop Little Nell 1841
49.  Honoré de Balzac, Lost Illusions Lucien/ Suicide Thoughts 1843
50.  Hans Christian Andersen, The Little Match-Seller Match-girl 1846
51.  Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre Bertha Rochester 1847
52.  Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights Catherine 1847
53.  Anne Bronte, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall Arthur Huntingdon 1848
54.  Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary Madame Bovary 1848
55.  Herman Melville, Moby Dick Death of Old Whale 1849
56.  Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 Little Eva 1852
57.  George Eliot, Mill on the Floss Tom & Maggie 1860
58.  Walt Whitman, Death of a Pennsylvania Soldier Frank H. Irwin  1865
59.  Fyodor Dostoevsky
Crime & Punishment, Friend Marmeladov  1867
Crime & Punishment, Pawnbroker Alena Ivanovna 1867
Crime & Punishment, Pawnbroker’s Sister  Lizaveta 1867
60.  Louisa May Alcott, Little Women Beth 1869
61.  Anthony Trollope, The Way We Live Now Melmotte 1875
62.  Emile Zola, Nana Nana  1880
63.  Henry James, Portrait of a Lady Ralph Touchett 1881
64.  Leo Tolstoy
War and Peace Prince Andrey 1869
Anna Karenina Anna Karenina 1877
Death of Ivan Ilych Ivan Ilych 1886
65.  Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray Dorian Gray 1890
66.  Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the Islands Willems 1895
67.  Steven Crane, The Red Badge of Courage The Tall Soldier 1896
68.  Anton Chekhov, The Bishop The Bishop 1902
69.  Mark Twain, The Death of Jean  Jean, Daughter 1904
70.  D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers Mother 1913
71.  Franz Kafka
Metamorphosis Gregor Samsa 1915
The Trial  Herr K 1925
72.  Thomas Mann
Death in Venice Gustav Aschenbach  1915
Magic Mountain  Joachim Ziemssen 1925
73.  John Galsworthy, The Forsyte Saga Old Jolyon & Balthasar 1918
74.  Marcel Proust, Guermantes Way Grandmother 1921
75.  James Joyce, Ulysses Patty Digham’s Funeral 1925
76.  Theodore Dreiser
Sister Carrie Hurstwood 1900
An American Tragedy Roberta & Clyde  1925
77.  Katherine Mansfield, The Canary/ Dove’s Nest The Canary 1923
78.  Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway Septimus 1925
79.  F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby Gatsby 1925
80.  Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises Bull 1926
81.  Willa Cather, Death Comes for the Archbishop Fa. Jean Marie Latour 1927
82.  Erich M. Remarque, All Quiet On the Western Front French Soldier 1928
83.  William Faulkner
As I Lay Dying Addie 1929
Light in August Joe Christmas 1932
Delta Autumn McCaslin 1940
84.  Helen Zenna Smith, Not so Quiet on the Western Front Women - WWI 1930
85.  Vita Sackville-West, All Passion Spent Lady Slane 1931
86.  Katherine Anne Porter
The Jilting of Granny Weatherall Granny 1929
Pale Horse, Pale Rider Adam 1936
Ship of Fools Echegaray, The Basque 1945
87.  Joseph Roth
The Radetzky March Emperor Francis Joseph 1932
The Tale of the 1002nd Night Von Taittinger 1939
88.  Audous Huxley
Brave New World Linda 1932
Brave New World Savage 1932
89.  Radclyffe Hall, Miss Ogilvy Finds Herself Miss Ogilvy 1934
90.  John Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men Lenny 1937
91.  Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God Tea Cake 1938
92.  Caroline Slade, The Triumph of Willie Pond Willie Pond 1940
93.  Eudora Welty, Death of a Traveling Salesman R. J. Bowman 1941
94.  Irene Nemirovsky
David Golder David Golder 1929
Suite Francaise Charlie Langelet 1941
95.  Albert Camus, The Stranger The Arab 1942
96.  Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to Stay Xaviere  1943
97.  Conrad Richter, The Town Mother Sayward 1950
98.  Harold Robbins, A Stone For Danny Fisher Danny Fisher 1951
99.  Flannery O’Connor, Wise Blood Mr. Motes 1952
100. Farley Mowat, The Dog Who Wouldn’t Be Mutt 1957
101. Truman Capote
A Christmas Memory Cousin 1958
In Cold Blood Hickock 1965
102.  Carson McCullers, Clock Without Hands J. T. Malone 1960
103.  Nevil Shute,  Trustee from the Tool Room John Dermott and wife 1960
104.  Joseph Heller, Catch 22 Snowden 1961
105.  C.S. Lewis, A Grief Observed Wife, Helen Joy 1961
106.  Ray Bradbury, Dandelion Wine Great-grandma 1975
107.  Eva Figes, Waking Woman in Old Age 1981
108.  John le Carre', Smiley’s People Leipzig 1982
109.  Toni Morrison, Beloved Sethe 1987
110.  Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of Cholera Dr. Juveral Urbino 1988
111.  Adam Zameenzad, My Friend Matt Golam et.al. 1988
112.  Sebastien Japrisot, A Very Long Engagement French Soldiers 1991
113.  Michael Ondaatje, The English Patient English Patient 1992
114.  Jose΄ Saramago, The Gospel According to Jesus Christ Death of Jesus 1994
115.  Jennifer Lash, Blood Ties Birkin 1997
116.  Charles Frazier, Cold Mountain Inman 1997
117.  Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible African Gray Parrot 1998
118.  Alice Sebold, The Lovely Bones Susie Salmon 2002
119.  Monique Truong, The Book of Salts Mother & Pigeon 2003
120.  Harold Pinter, Death etc. Anonymous Body 2005