Death, Dying, Grief, and Mourning in Western Literature

Parent/Grandparent - Peaceful - Punishment - Religous Person - Rituals - Romantic - Royalty - Sacrificial - Sibling/Other Relatives - Soldiers - Spouse - Stranger - Suicide - Timely/Anticipated - Tragic/Untimely - Violent - War - Welcome - Women - Women/Violent

Accidental:
Parent
Grandparen
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Euripides, AlcestisAlcestis
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentMarmeladov
Leo Tolstoy, Anna KareninaAnna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy, Death of Ivan IlychIvan Ilych
D.H. Lawrence, Sons and LoversMother
DMarcel Proust, Guermantes WayGrandmother
William Faulkner, As I Lay DyingAddie
Vita Sackville-West, All Passion SpentLady Slane
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldLinda
Irene Nemirovsky, David GolderDavid Golder
Conrad Richter, The TownMother Sayward
C.S. Lewis, A Grief ObservedWife, Helen Joy
Ray Bradbury, Dandelion WineGreat-grandma
Monique Truong, The Book of SaltMother & Pigeon
Accidental:
PeacefulUnknown, GilgameshEnkidu
King James, The Bible, Deuteronomy 32 & 34Moses
Unknown, Book of J. 177 & 178Moses
Plato, PhaedoSocrates
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
Arabian Nights, Angel of DeathThe Proud, The Devout
Omar Khayyam, RubaiyatOmar Khayyam
Hildegard of Bingen, SciviasMartyrs
Giovanni Boccaccio, The DecameronSalvestra & Girolamo
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Charles Dickens, The Old Curiosity ShopLittle Nell
Hans Christian Andersen, The Little Match-SellerMatch-girl
Louisa May Alcott, Little WomenBeth
D.H. Lawrence, Sons and LoversMother
Thomas Mann, Death in VeniceGustav Aschenbach
Thomas Mann, Magic MountainJoachim Ziemssen
Henry James, Portrait of a LadyRalph Touchett
John Galsworthy, The Forsyte SagaOld Jolyon & Balthasar
Marcel Proust, Guermantes WayGrandmother
James Joyce, UlyssesPatty Digham’s Funeral
Willa Cather, Death Comes for the ArchbishopFa. Jean Marie Latour
William Faulkner, As I Lay DyingAddie
William Faulkner, Delta AutumnMcCaslin
Vita Sackville-West, All Passion SpentLady Slane
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Joseph Roth, The Radetzky MarchEmperor Francis Joseph
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldLinda
Radclyffe Hall, Miss Ogilvy Finds HerselfMiss Ogilvy
John Steinbeck, Of Mice and MenLenny
Harold Robbins, A Stone For Danny FisherDanny Fisher
Farley Mowat, The Dog Who Wouldn’t BeMutt
Truman Capote, A Christmas MemoryCousin
Carson McCullers, Clock Without HandsJ. T. Malone
Ray Bradbury, Dandelion WineGreat-grandma
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of CholeraDr. Juveral Urbino
Michael Ondaatje, The English PatientEnglish Patient
Jennifer Lash, Blood TiesBirkin
Accidental:
PunishmentAeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
King James, New TestamentJesus
Theodoret, Of the Massacre of ThessalonicaTowns’ people
Christopher Marlowe, Dr. FaustusFaustus
Shakespeare, MacbethLady Macbeth
John Milton, Paradise LostRedeemer
James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the MohicansMagua
Marie Henri Beyle (Stendhal), Red & BlackJulien Sorel
Victor Hugo, Hunchback of Notre DamePriest & Esmerelda
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian GrayDorian Gray
Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the IslandsWillems
Theodore Dreiser, An American TragedyClyde
William Faulkner, Light in AugustJoe Christmas
Katherine Anne Porter, Pale Horse, Pale RiderAdam
Joseph Roth, The Tale of the 1002nd NightVon Taittinger
Accidental:
Romantic/
Beautiful
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
Omar Khayyam, RubaiyatOmar Khayyam
Hildegard of Bingen, SciviasMartyrs
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Giovanni Boccaccio, The DecameronSalvestra & Girolamo
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, Anthony & CleopatraCleopatra
Shakespeare, MacbethLady Macbeth
Miguel de Cervantes, Don QuixoteDon Quixote
Hans Christian Andersen, The Little Match-SellerMatch-girl
Louisa May Alcott, Little WomenBeth
Leo Tolstoy, War and PeacePrince Andrey
Anton Chekhov, The BishopThe Bishop
Mark Twain, The Death of JeanJean, Daughter
D.H. Lawrence, Sons and LoversMother
Thomas Mann, Death in VeniceGustav Aschenbach
Thomas Mann, Magic MountainJoachim Ziemssen
William Faulkner, As I Lay DyingAddie
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Toni Morrison, BelovedSethe
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of CholeraDr. Juveral Urbino
Accidental:
RoyaltyAeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Jacob of Sarug, The Fall of the IdolsMartyr
Bulfinch Mythology, Legends of CharlemagneRinaldo
Arabian Nights, Angel of DeathThe Proud, The Devout
The Battle of MaldonBrythnoth
BeowulfBeowulf
Snirru Sturluson, Prose Edda, The Death of BalderBalder
Geoffrey Chaucer, Knight’s TalesArcite
Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’ArthurKing Arthur
Shakespeare, Richard IIRichard
Shakespeare, Henry VFalstaff
Shakespeare, Anthony & CleopatraCleopatra
Shakespeare, King LearLear/Cordelia
Shakespeare, MacbethLady Macbeth
Joseph Roth, The Radetzky MarchEmperor Francis Joseph
Accidental:
Sacrificial
(see also)
Martyrs
Sacrificial
Religious
Person
Aeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
Euripides, MedeaHer Children
King James, New TestamentJesus
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
Jacob of Sarug, The Fall of the Idols Martyr
Bulfinch Mythology, Legends of CharlemagneRinaldo
Roswitha, DulcitusIrena
Franz Kafka, Metamorphosis Gregor Samsa
Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also RisesBull
William Faulkner, Light in AugustJoe Christmas
Accidental:
Sibling/
Other
Relatives
Gaius, Velerius Catullus, # 101Brother
Anne Bronte, The Tenant of Wildfell HallArthur Huntingdon
George Eliot, Mill on the FlossTom & Maggie
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & Punishment,FriendMarmeladov
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & Punishment,SisterLizaveta
Mark Twain, The Death of JeanJean, Daughter
Thomas Mann, Magic MountainJoachim Ziemssen
John Galsworthy, The Forsyte SagaOld Jolyon & Balthasar
Truman Capote, A Christmas MemoryCousin
Accidental:
StrangerErich M. Remarque, All Quiet On the Western FrontFrench Soldier
Katherine Anne Porter, Pale Horse, Pale RiderAdam
Katherine Anne Porter, Ship of FoolsEchegaray, The Basque
Eudora Welty, Death of a Traveling SalesmanR. J. Bowman
Irene Nemirovsky, Suite FrancaiseCharlie Langelet
Albert Camus, The StrangerThe Arab
Flannery O’Connor, Wise BloodMr. Motes
Carson McCullers, Clock Without HandsJ. T. Malone
Monique Truong, The Book of SaltMother & Pigeon
Accidental:
Suicide
Planned/
Unplanned
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Plato, PhaedoSocrates
Ovid, MetamorphosesPyramus & Thisbe
King James, New TestamentJesus
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, Anthony & CleopatraCleopatra
Wolfgang Von Goethe, Sorrows of Young WertherWerther
Sir Walter Scott, The Bride of LammermoorLucy
Mary Shelley, The Last ManSon & Wife
Honoré de Balzac, Lost IllusionsLucien/ Suicide Thoughts
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
George Eliot, Mill on the FlossTom & Maggie
Anthony Trollope, The Way We Live NowMelmotte
Leo Tolstoy, War and PeacePrince Andrey
Leo Tolstoy, Anna KareninaAnna Karenina
Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian GrayDorian Gray
Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the IslandsWillems
Theodore Dreiser, Sister CarrieHurstwood
Virginia Woolf, Mrs. DallowaySeptimus
F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great GatsbyGatsby
Joseph Roth, The Tale of the 1002nd NightVon Taittinger
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldSavage
Radclyffe Hall, Miss Ogilvy Finds HerselfMiss Ogilvy
Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching GodTea Cake
Caroline Slade, The Triumph of Willie PondWillie Pond
Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to StayXaviere
Michael Ondaatje, The English Patient English Patient
Accidental:
Timely
Anticipated
Retributive
Unknown, GilgameshEnkidu
Aeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
Plato, PhaedoSocrates
Christopher Marlowe, Dr. FaustusFaustus
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, Henry VFalstaff
Shakespeare, Anthony & CleopatraCleopatra
Shakespeare, MacbethLady Macbeth
Miguel de Cervantes, Don QuixoteDon Quixote
Marie Henri Beyle (Stendhal), Red & BlackJulien Sorel
Victor Hugo, Hunchback of Notre DamePriest & Esmerelda
Anthony Trollope, The Way We Live NowMelmotte
Emile Zola, NanaNana
Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian GrayDorian Gray
Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the IslandsWillems
Anton Chekhov, The BishopThe Bishop
Thomas Mann, Death in VeniceGustav Aschenbach
Thomas Mann, Magic MountainJoachim Ziemssen
Theodore Dreiser, An American TragedyRoberta & Clyde
F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great GatsbyGatsby
William Faulkner, Delta AutumnMcCaslin
Irene Nemirovsky, David GolderDavid Golder
Carson McCullers, Clock Without HandsJ. T. Malone
Accidental:
Tragic
Untimely
Unexpected
Unknown, GilgameshEnkidu
Aeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Euripides, MedeaHer Children
Euripides, The Trojan WomenAstyanax
Plato, PhaedoSocrates
Ovid, MetamorphosesPyramus & Thisbe
Bulfinch Mythology, Legends of CharlemagneRinaldo
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Dante Alighieri, La Vita NuovaBeatrice
Giovanni Boccaccio, The DecameronSalvestra & Girolamo
Geoffrey Chaucer, Knight’s TalesArcite
Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’ArthurKing Arthur
Shakespeare, Richard IIRichard
Shakespeare, OthelloOthello & Desdemona
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, Henry VFalstaff
Shakespeare, King LearLear/Cordelia
Wolfgang Von Goethe, Sorrows of Young WertherWerther
Sir Walter Scott, The Bride of LammermoorLucy
Mary Shelley, The Last ManSon & Wife
Charlotte Bronte, Jane EyreBertha Rochester
Anne Bronte, The Tenant of Wildfell HallArthur Huntingdon
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentMarmeladov
Louisa May Alcott, Little WomenBeth
Anton Chekhov, The BishopThe Bishop
Thomas Mann, Death in VeniceGustav Aschenbach
Virginia Woolf, Mrs. DallowaySeptimus
F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great GatsbyGatsby
William Faulkner, Light in AugustJoe Christmas
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Katherine Anne Porter, Ship of FoolsEchegaray, The Basque
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldSavage
John Steinbeck, Of Mice and MenLenny
Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching GodTea Cake
Eudora Welty, Death of a Traveling SalesmanR. J. Bowman
Irene Nemirovsky, David GolderDavid Golder
Irene Nemirovsky, Suite FrancaiseCharlie Langelet
Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to StayXaviere
Harold Robbins, A Stone For Danny FisherDanny Fisher
Nevil Shute, Trustee from the Tool RoomJohn Dermott and wife
Joseph Heller, Catch 22 Snowden
C.S. Lewis, A Grief ObservedWife, Helen Joy
Toni Morrison, BelovedSethe
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of CholeraDr. Juveral Urbino
Charles Frazier, Cold MountainInman
Alice Sebold, The Lovely BonesSusie Salmon
Accidental:
Violent
Ugly
Lingering

(see also
Women:
Violent)
Homer, The IliadPatroklos
Aeschylus, AgamemnonAgamemnon
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Euripides, MedeaHer Children
Euripides, The Trojan WomenAstyanax
Plato, PhaedoSocrates
King James, New TestamentJesus
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
Theodoret, Of the Massacre of ThessalonicaTowns’ people
John of Apamea, Ecclesiastical History (Fragments)Soldiers
Jacob of Sarug, The Fall of the IdolsMartyr
Bulfinch Mythology, Legends of CharlemagneRinaldo
Roswitha, DulcitusIrena
The Battle of MaldonBrythnoth
BeowulfBeowulf
Snirru Sturluson, Prose Edda, The Death of BalderBalder
Unknown, Chanson de RolandRoland
The Sagas of the Icelanders, Viga Glum’s SagaThorvald Tafald
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Geoffrey Chaucer, Knight’s TalesArcite
Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’ArthurKing Arthur
Shakespeare, OthelloDesdemona
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, King LearCordelia
Wolfgang Von Goethe, Sorrows of Young WertherWerther
Sir Walter Scott, The Bride of LammermoorLucy
Mary Shelley, The Last ManSon & Wife
Marie Henri Beyle (Stendhal), Red & BlackJulien Sorel
Victor Hugo, Hunchback of Notre DamePriest & Esmerelda
Charles Dickens, Oliver TwistNancy
Charlotte Bronte, Jane EyreBertha Rochester
Anne Bronte, The Tenant of Wildfell HallArthur Huntingdon
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
George Eliot, Mill on the FlossTom & Maggie
Walt Whitman, Death of a Pennsylvania SoldierFrank H. Irwin
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentMarmeladov
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentAlena Ivanovna
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentLizaveta
Emile Zola, NanaNana
Leo Tolstoy, Anna KareninaAnna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy, Death of Ivan IlychIvan Ilych
Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the IslandsWillems
Steven Crane, The Red Badge of CourageThe Tall Soldier
Franz Kafka, MetamorphosiGregor Samsa
Franz Kafka, The TrialHerr K
Erich M. Remarque, All Quiet On the Western FrontFrench Soldier
William Faulkner, Light in AugustJoe Christmas
Katherine Anne Porter, Ship of FoolsEchegaray, The Basque
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldSavage
Irene Nemirovsky, Suite FrancaiseCharlie Langelet
Harold Robbins, A Stone For Danny FisherDanny Fisher
Truman Capote, In Cold BloodHickock
Nevil Shute, Trustee from the Tool RoomJohn Dermott and wife
John le Carre', Smiley’s PeopleLeipzig
Michael Ondaatje, The English PatientEnglish Patient
Alice Sebold, The Lovely BonesSusie Salmon
Monique Truong, The Book of SaltMother & Pigeon
Accidental:
War
Battles
Soldiers
Homer, The IliadSarpedon
Thucydides, Pericles, The Funeral SpeechGreek Soldiers
John of Apamea, Ecclesiastical HistorySoldiers
The Battle of MaldonBrythnoth
BeowulfBeowulf
Snirru Sturluson, Prose Edda, The Death of BalderBalder
Unknown, Chanson de RolandRoland
The Sagas of the Icelanders, Viga Glum’s SagaThorvald Tafald
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Geoffrey Chaucer, Knight’s TalesArcite
Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’ArthurKing Arthur
Shakespeare, Richard IIRichard
James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the MohicansCora & Magua
Walt Whitman, Death of a Pennsylvania SoldierFrank H. Irwin
Steven Crane, The Red Badge of CourageThe Tall Soldier
Erich M. Remarque, All Quiet On the Western FrontFrench Soldier
Helen Zenna Smith, Not so Quiet on the Western FrontWomen - WWI
Joseph Roth, The Radetzky MarchEmperor Francis Joseph
Joseph Heller, Catch 22Snowden
John le Carre', Smiley’s PeopleLeipzig
Sebastien Japrisot, A Very Long EngagementFrench Soldiers
Michael Ondaatje, The English PatientEnglish Patient
Accidental:
Welcome
Accepted
Justifiable
Peaceful
King James, The Bible, Deuteronomy 32 & 34Moses
Unknown, Book of J. 177 & 178Moses
Euripides, AlcestisAlcestis
King James, New TestamentJesus
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
The Holy Qur’anBelievers
Arabian Nights, Angel of DeathThe Proud, The Devout
Roswitha, DulcitusIrena
Omar Khayyam, RubaiyatOmar Khayyam
Hildegard of Bingen, SciviasMartyrs
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Dante Alighieri, La Vita NuovaBeatrice
Christopher Marlowe, Dr. FaustusFaustus
Shakespeare, Richard IIRichard
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Miguel de Cervantes, Don QuixoteDon Quixote
Johathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travel’sBurial Rites
Charles Dickens, The Old Curiosity ShopLittle Nell
Hans Christian Andersen, The Little Match-SellerMatch-girl
Anthony Trollope, The Way We Live NowMelmotte
Anton Chekhov, The BishopThe Bishop
D.H. Lawrence, Sons and LoversMother
Thomas Mann, Death in VeniceGustav Aschenbach
Thomas Mann, Magic MountainJoachim Ziemssen
Henry James, Portrait of a LadyRalph Touchett
Theodore Dreiser, Sister CarrieHurstwood
Willa Cather, Death Comes for the ArchbishopFa. Jean Marie Latour
William Faulkner, As I Lay DyingAddie
William Faulkner, Delta AutumnMcCaslin
Vita Sackville-West, All Passion SpentLady Slane
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Joseph Roth, The Radetzky MarchEmperor Francis Joseph
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldLinda
Radclyffe Hall, Miss Ogilvy Finds HerselfMiss Ogilvy
John Steinbeck, Of Mice and MenLenny
Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching GodTea Cake
Caroline Slade, The Triumph of Willie PondWillie Pond
Eudora Welty, Death of a Traveling SalesmanR. J. Bowman
Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to StayXaviere
Conrad Richter, The TownMother Sayward
Carson McCullers, Clock Without HandsJ. T. Malone
Ray Bradbury, Dandelion WineGreat-grandma
Eva Figes, WakingWoman in Old Age
Michael Ondaatje, The English PatientEnglish Patient
Accidental:
Women:

Romantic
Peaceful
Euripides, AlcestisAlcestis
Hippolytus, The Story of a Maiden of CornithNobel Youth
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
J. Bedieren, The Romance of Tristan and IseultTristan & Iseult
Dante Alighieri, La Vita NuovaBeatrice
Giovanni Boccaccio, The DecameronSalvestra & Girolamo
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, Anthony & CleopatraCleopatra
Shakespeare, MacbethLady Macbeth
Mary Shelley, The Last ManSon & Wife
Marie Henri Beyle (Stendhal), Red & BlackJulien Sorel
Charles Dickens, The Old Curiosity ShopLittle Nell
Emily Bronte, Wuthering HeightsCatherine
Louisa May Alcott, Little WomenBeth
Mark Twain, The Death of JeanJean, Daughter
D.H. Lawrence, Sons and LoversMother
Marcel Proust, Guermantes WayGrandmother
William Faulkner, As I Lay DyingAddie
Vita Sackville-West, All Passion SpentLady Slane
Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny WeatherallGranny
Radclyffe Hall, Miss Ogilvy Finds HerselfMiss Ogilvy
Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to StayXaviere
Harold Robbins, A Stone For Danny FisherDanny Fisher
Truman Capote, A Christmas MemoryCousin
C.S. Lewis, A Grief ObservedWife, Helen Joy
Ray Bradbury, Dandelion WineGreat-grandma
Eva Figes, WakingWoman in Old Age
Toni Morrison, BelovedSethe
Accidental:
Women:

Violent
Sophocles, Oedipus The KingJocasta
Ovid, MetamorphosesPyramus & Thisbe
Hippolytus, The Story of a Maiden of CornithNobel Youth
Gregory of Nyssa, Life of MacrinaMacrina
Roswitha, DulcitusIrena
Shakespeare, OthelloDesdemona
Shakespeare, HamletOphelia
Shakespeare, King LearCordelia
Sir Walter Scott, The Bride of LammermoorLucy
James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the MohicansCora & Magua
Victor Hugo, Hunchback of Notre DameEsmerelda
Alexander Pushkin, Queen of SpadesCountess & Ghost
Charles Dickens, Oliver TwistNancy
Charlotte Bronte, Jane EyreBertha Rochester
Emily Bronte, Wuthering HeightsCatherine
Gustave Flaubert, Madame BovaryMadame Bovary
George Eliot, Mill on the FlossTom & Maggie
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentAlena Ivanovna
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Crime & PunishmentLizaveta
Emile Zola, NanaNana
Leo Tolstoy, Anna KareninaAnna Karenina
Theodore Dreiser, An American TragedyRoberta
Helen Zenna Smith, Not so Quiet on the Western FrontWomen - WWI
Audous Huxley, Brave New WorldSavage
Simone De Beauvoir, She Came to StayXaviere
Alice Sebold, The Lovely BonesSusie Salmon
Monique Truong, The Book of SaltMother & Pigeon